Archives For Tian’anmen Square & Forbidden City

The first sign reads ‘Long live the People’s Repub­lic of China’ and the sec­ond reads ‘Long live the great unity of the peo­ples of the world’.

The first sign reads ‘Long live the People’s Repub­lic of China’ and the sec­ond reads ‘Long live the great unity of the peo­ples of the world’.

Flags on top of gov­ern­ment build­ings on Chang An Street

Flags on top of gov­ern­ment build­ings on Chang An Street

It’s been over a year since I have dri­ven past the For­bid­den City at Tianan­men Square. One thing I noticed was that all the gov­ern­ment build­ings along Chang An Street were fly­ing the Chi­nese flags from their rooftops. This was to coin­cide with the National People’s Con­gress meet­ing that has been held in the city since last week. The meet­ing is the most impor­tant for the Chi­nese gov­ern­ment as almost 3,000 del­e­gate from across China come to vote on dis­cuss and vote on poli­cies for the com­ing year. On the main gate of the For­bid­den City are two sets of Chi­nese char­ac­ters, which I felt pleased I could just aboit read. The first one 中华人民共和国万岁 (Zhōnghuá rén­mín gònghéguó wàn­suì) trans­lates into “Long live the People’s Repub­lic of China”. And the sec­ond 世界人民大团结万岁 (Shìjiè rén­mín dà tuán­jié wàn­suì) trans­lates into “Long live the great unity of the peo­ples of the world”.

(Blog posted by Ray on March 13, 2014. You can see the original article by following this link to rayallychina.com)

gugong-1The Forbidden City in Beijing is going to turn into a sea of people during the upcoming national holiday from October 1-7. But if you absolutely must visit it at the same time as an estimated 182,000 others and want to avoid being disappointed at the ticket office, do the wise thing and buy your ticket online in advance. To do so, go to http://gugong.228.com.cn, a website specifically set up to handle the upcoming surge in tourists.

What’s more, refunds are available if you call the following hotline before 18:00 if you decide to change your mind: 4006 228 228.

Where: 4 Jingshan Qianjie, Dongcheng District, Beijing
地址:北京市东城区景山前街4号
Tel: 010 8500 7421
How much: 60 RMB/person
Opening hours: 8:30-17:00
Website: http://www.dpm.org.cn/
Getting there: take subway line 1 to Tiananmen East station

Source: eChinacities.comSep 27, 2013.

The Imperial Palace, also known as the Forbidden City, is located in the heart of Beijing. It has served as the residence to 24 emperors throughout the Ming and Qing dynasties between 1368 A.D. and 1911 A.D. but is now used as the Palace Museum.

The Forbidden City has been the center of the highest authority for more than 500 years in China. With garden landscapes and an enormous architectural complex consisting of 9,000 chambers and halls containing furniture and works of art, it has become the historical landmark witnessing invaluable Chinese civilization during the Ming and Qing dynasties.

The Forbidden City Part 1: Initiation of the Forbidden City:

Part 2: The pinnacle of the flourishing age

Part 3: Governing the country by rites

Part 4: Administration of state affairs

Part 5: Between the state and family

Part 6: Porcelains in the Forbidden City

Part 7: Paintings an calligraphic works in the Forbidden City

Part 8: Jade objects in the Forbidden City

Part 9: Western Fever in the Forbidden City

Part 10: From palace to museum

Part 11: The shifting and loss of national treasures

Part 12: The everlasting Forbidden City

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Two of the main tourist attractions in Beijing, and China for that matter, are located in the center of the city. Tiananmen Square leads directly into the Forbidden City through the Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen) famously known for its portrait of Mao Zedong. The Forbidden City dates back to 1406 and housed the emperors from the Ming to Qing dynasties. The palace complex consists of 980 buildings and will take a large portion of your day to visit. The Forbidden City is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Seeing both of these sights and the nearby parks, Behai and Jingshan, would make for a nice all day adventure. The Forbidden City has a daily ticket quota so it is best to get there early.

To get to Tiananmen Square and the Forbidden City, take subway line 1 to either Tiananmen East or West station and follow signs. You can also get there easily from Qianmen subway station on line 2.

(Blog contributed by TheBJReviewer on May 5, 2011. You can see the original article by following this link to TheBJReviewer)

• Visit this website for further information about Forbidden City.

• A detailed guiding map of Beijing Forbidden City, showing names and positiong of important houses. Click here.

• An English Outline Map of the Forbidden City.  Click here.

• A map showing important buildings in Imperial Palace both in English and Chinese. Click here.

• A sketch map of Beijing Forbidden City. Click to view the map. Click here.

• A map indicating the location of Foribidden City in Bejing. Click here.

• Map of Tian’anmen Square. Click here.

The Forbidden City

john  —  February 19, 2012

The Forbidden City in the heart of Beijing is an enormous Imperial Palace that was the home of 24 Ming and Qing Dynasty emperors from 1420 to 1912. With spectacular architecture and grounds on a scale hard to imagine, the Forbidden City is stunning to see and walk through.

A trip to the Forbidden City will give you an incredible experience into Chinese culture and history. Without exaggeration, visiting the Forbidden City is a must for everyone travelling in China and the Forbidden City should be ranked high on every traveller’s wish list.

Names for the Forbidden City

The name Forbidden City comes from the rule that people were forbidden from entering the Forbidden City without the emperor’s permission and permission was rarely granted.

The Forbidden City is also called the Palace Museum because back in 1925 it was established as a museum by the warlords cliché who controlled Beijing at the time. The Forbidden City is still classed as museum and often still referred to as the Palace Museum.

The Chinese name for the Forbidden City is Gugong (故宫) which means old or ancient palace.

History

The history of the Forbidden City can be traced back to 1368 when Zhu Yuanzhang defeated the Yuan Dynasty and established the Ming Dynasty. Zhu’s first act as emperor was to move the capital of China from Dadu (modern day Beijing) to Nanjing and burn the Yuan palaces in Dadu to the ground. In 1413 Emperor Yongle named Dadu Beijing and made Beijing co-capital of China. Emperor Yongle then commissioned the building of the Forbidden City that took 15 years, required over a million workers and was finished in 1420. After the Forbidden City was finished, Emperor Yongle packed his bags and moved the home of the imperial family to the Forbidden City and made Beijing the primary capital of China.

The Forbidden City was the home of the Ming Dynasty from 1621 to 1644 until the Ming emperor was sent packing by rebels. Soon afterward the Manchus kicked the rebels out of Beijing, made themselves at home in the Forbidden City and established the Qing Dynasty that occupied the Forbidden City until the abdication of last Ming Emperor Puyi in 1912.

From 1912 to the establishment of the Peoples Republic of China in 1949, Beijing and the Forbidden City were the focus of numerous struggles for power in China and changed hands many times. Luckily during this period of chaos, the Forbidden City escaped relatively unscathed and only suffered a minimal loss of national treasures.

After 1949 the Forbidden City was less fortunate and was damaged by revolutionary activities during the years that followed such as the Great Leap Forward. Luckily Zhou Enlai saved the Forbidden City from further damage during the Cultural Revolution when Mao Zedong made up for political ground lost at the end of the not so successful Great Leap Forward.

Later in 1987 UNESCO declared the Forbidden City a World Heritage site and the Forbidden City went through a number of restorations to return it back to it’s pre 1912 condition.

Size and Structure

The Forbidden City is the largest palace complex in the world and covers 720,000 square meters and holds over 980 buildings. The compound that houses the Forbidden City is a 961 meter by 753 meter rectangle that is enormous and you need at least a day to cover all the main areas.

Wall & Moat – The massive walls surrounding the Forbidden City that you can see from the outside are 7.9 meters high, 8.62 meters wide at the base and 6.66 meters wide at the top. The walls are also guarded by a moat that circles the Forbidden City that is 6 meters deep, 52 meters wide and 3,800 meters long.

The moat is so large that the earth excavated to make it was moved to Jingshan Park just north of the Forbidden City to make a large hill. The water in the moat is from the Tongzi River which enters the moat from the North West and drains out of the moat in the South East. During the peak tourist season, you can hire boats to paddle around the moat which gives a very interesting perspective of the Forbidden City.

Yellow – Yellow is the color representing the royal family so yellow is a dominant color in the Forbidden City. You can see this in the roofs that are made of glazed yellow tiles, yellow palace decorations and many of the ground tiles that are yellow. The only two buildings in the Forbidden City that do not have yellow tiles are the Crown Prince’s residence which has green tiles (green for growth) and the Imperial library. The library’s tiles where black which is symbolic of water and fire prevention.

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